The AIP diet, or Autoimmune Protocol, is a diet designed to offer relief to people suffering from autoimmune diseases. The diet is used to help heal certain inflammatory issues triggered in the digestive system. When the body has an autoimmune response, the body's immune system begins to attack itself because it cannot tell the difference between its own healthy cells and tissue and a foreign or invading body. There are dozens of autoimmune disorders, including rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn's disease, celiac disease, lupus, and psoriasis to name a few. The AIP diet helps eliminate foods that can aggravate or trigger these disorders.
The AIP diet starts with a strict elimination phase, in which foods that are possible irritants to the gut and immune system are removed from the diet. Over time, as autoimmune systems begin to improve, foods are gradually and systematically added back into the diet. That way, the dieter can analyse her sensitivity to the reintroduced food, judging whether its healthful or harmful depending on how the body reacts. The key is to pinpoint which foods are causing trouble -- and permanently remove them from the diet.
The end goal of the AIP diet is to reset the immune system, reduce inflammation, and return the gut to a healthy state.
Here are foods to avoid on the Autoimmune Protocol Diet:
These are foods that are thought to trigger autoimmune reactions in some people. They are completely eliminated in the initial phase.
- Legumes (including peanuts, soy, hummus)
- Nuts and Seeds (including seed-based spices like cumin and fennel)
- Nightshades (tomatoes, white potatoes, peppers, and eggplant)
- Spices from capsicums (including cayenne, chili powder, paprika, chili pepper flakes)
- Vegetable and canola oils
- Processed foods
- Refined sugars (and alternative sweeteners)
- Food additives and chemicals
Foods you CAN eat on the AIP diet:
With the AIP diet, you're eliminating a lot of nutrient sources. So it's important to choose nutrient-rich foods, including a variety of fresh vegetables, wild-caught fish, fermented foods, organ meats, and bone broth. The essence of the AIP diet is meat and vegetables, which makes it similar to the paleo diet, only more severe in its restrictions. For example, people on the paleo diet can eat tomatoes and nuts; foods that are restricted from the autoimmune protocol.
- Grass-fed meats (including nutrient-dense organ meats)
- Wild-caught fish and seafood
- Leafy green vegetables (spinach, endive, herbs, etc.)
- Cruciferous vegetables (broccoli, cauliflower, kale, etc.)
- Root vegetables (carrots, sweet potatoes, pumpkins, etc.)
- Fermented vegetables
- Sea vegetables
- Fruit: berries, citrus fruit, apples, cherries, etc.
- Olive oil and coconut oil
- Vinegars that have no sugar added (balsamic, red wine, cider vinegars)
Before beginning a restrictive diet like the AIP diet, consult your physician or a dietitian. Your doctor or dietitian can help you manage the AIP diet, helping you refine and adapt the diet to meet your individual needs, while addressing concerns about meeting vitamin and mineral requirements, the possibility of elevated levels of saturated fat and cholesterol, and so on.
Once you're ready to get started, here are some recipes that are AIP friendly:
Here's a faux tomato sauce for people on the AIP diet. It replaces the tomatoes with kabocha squash, carrots, and beets. "Nowadays many people are following the autoimmune paleo protocol (AIP)," says Little Bites of Beauty. "This restricted version of the paleo diet also excludes nightshades (including tomatoes) in an effort to minimize -- and in some cases to cure -- leaky gut and many autoimmune diseases. But you know how it is, we Italians love our tomato sauce!"
"This vanilla-maca tapioca porridge with a rhubarb and raspberry sauce is definitely one of my favorite grain-free porridge alternatives," says Little Bites of Beauty. "Whether you are following an AIP diet, you're intolerant to grains, or you simply want to switch up the taste of your breakfast porridge with a great and creamy texture, this healthy grain-free recipe is perfect for you. I worked very hard to make it compliant to basically every allergy in the world."
This fennel, apple, and carrot casserole baked with coconut milk and turmeric is a quick and easy vegetarian side that is paleo- and AIP friendly.
Sweet potatoes replace white potato fries. "Best recipe for baked sweet potato fries for time and temperature," says Angela Boyd. "They cooked beautifully." Enjoy them with the avocado mayo below.
"To all the AIP eaters, nightshade intolerants and healthy fries lovers, this recipe is a total game changer," says Little Bites of Beaut. "Yams are great to replace normal potatoes, but when you get tired of that sweet taste and want something a bit more starchy, taro is a great more exotic alternative!"
"A delicious Auto Immune Protocol Diet (AIP) alternative to mayo," says Karen. "Perfect as a dip for sweet potato fries!"
A few ingredients are all you need to make a juicy, whole-roasted chicken stuffed with rosemary and onion.
It doesn't get easier than this! "My favorite part is the roasted sliced stem pieces," says Karen.
For related recipes, check out our collection of Paleo Diet Recipes
-- however, if you're following the strict AIP diet, watch for ingredients that are OK for the paleo diet but eliminated in the AIP diet.
For more on the Autoimmune Protocol diet, check out The Paleo Mom
. It's the blog by Sarah Ballantyne, who originally popularized the AIP Diet. Ballantyne holds a Ph.D. in medical biophysics from the University of Western Ontario and has written several books and cookbooks on AIP and the paleo diet. You might also enjoy The Loving Diet
, which goes into more detail about the AIP diet.
Need more choices? Come to Allrecipes.com
and use our ingredient search option to customize your results.