The best latkes are golden and crunchy on the outside, soft and tender on the inside. While latkes are traditionally eaten at Hanukkah, they're a treat anytime you crave crispy, savory potato pancakes. We'll show you how to make perfect latkes -- and offer some troubleshooting tips below.
Treat Your Potatoes Right
For best results, use russet potatoes. They are high in starch, which is necessary to form pancakes that don't fall apart. If you peel the potatoes before making latkes, put them in water between peeling and shredding to prevent oxidizing and discoloring.
Have the onions and any other veggies trimmed and peeled, have a piece of cheesecloth ready and waiting, and measure out the other ingredients your recipe calls for: matzo meal or flour, baking powder, eggs, cheese and seasonings.
- If you have a food processor with a shredder attachment, this will make the process go faster, but a good old-fashioned hand-held grater will perform the job just fine.
- Alternate the potato with the onion and other vegetables while you shred in order to keep the potatoes from oxidizing too quickly.
- If you want lacy latkes with rough, crispy edges, shred those potatoes coarsely. If you prefer denser latkes with smooth edges, use the fine side of the grater.
Squeeze your Spuds
The potatoes need to be dry and the oil needs to be good and hot so that the exterior of the latke will get crispy and prevent the pancake from absorbing too much grease.
- To squeeze out the potato mixture, place it in a piece of cheesecloth and squeeze it.
- When you cannot get any more liquid out, open up the cheesecloth, stir the mixture around a little, and then squeeze it some more.
- Empty the contents of the cheesecloth into a mixing bowl and mix in the remaining ingredients.
- If you're using matzo meal, let the mixture sit for a few minutes in order to allow the matzo to soak up any remaining liquid.
Heat a heavy-duty pan with vegetable oil ¼- to ½-inch deep. When the oil has reached a temperature of about 350 degrees F (175 degrees C), it's time to fry!
- If you don't have a deep-fat thermometer, you can test the temperature of the oil by dropping a small amount of latke mixture into the pan. If it turns golden brown within one minute, the oil is ready.
- Form the latkes by carefully placing spoonfuls of the mixture into the hot oil, then flattening the mounds with a spatula.
- Fry until nicely browned on the bottom, then flip the latkes with a spatula and brown the other side.
- Drain the latkes on paper towels and serve them immediately, if possible.
- If you aren't able to serve them right away, keep them in the oven at 200 degrees F (95 degrees C) on a cooling rack placed over a cookie sheet. To keep them nice and crispy, don't stack them or cover them.
Serve hot latkes with applesauce and sour cream.
VIDEO: How to Make Latkes
Chef John shows you the keys to making perfect potato pancakes with crispy, golden-brown crusts and tender middles. See how it's done:
The latkes are too greasy: The oil is probably not hot enough. Allow it to come back up to temperature between batches of latkes.
The latkes fall apart: Did you squeeze out excess moisture from the shredded potato mixture? Extra eggs, matzo meal, and shredded cheese will all help bind the mixture together if it seems too "loose."
The potatoes turn brown: Keep peeled potatoes immersed in a bowl of cool water until the second you're ready to shred them.
The latkes are still chewy and starchy on the inside: To remedy this problem, you can shred the potatoes more finely, make sure the oil is hot enough, make the latkes thinner, or pre-cook the potatoes.
The latkes aren't crispy: Again, pay attention to the type of potato and the temperature of the oil. These are the two most important factors in achieving latke perfection--and for best results, latkes should be served hot from the pan to the plate.