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How to Fry Chicken

It's the all-American meal. Find out how to make juicy fried chicken with a crispy golden crust every time.

Fried Chicken in yellow pan with cornbread

Photo by Meredith

How to Fry Chicken

There are as many "secret recipes" for fried chicken as there are cooks doing the frying. Some swear by soaking the chicken in buttermilk. Others give their chicken a soak in brine, a dunk in beer batter, and a light coating of seasoned flour -- or a roll in crushed saltines.

The best way to discover your favorite method is to experiment with different seasonings and techniques until you hit on your perfect preparation.

See our complete collection of Fried Chicken Recipes.

Batter Up

  • Set up a "dredging station" to minimize mess and make cleanup easy. Put your ingredients and mixtures into large shallow bowls or baking dishes. Then work in one direction (left to right, for example), moving from seasoned flour to egg batter over to bread crumbs/panko/coating mixture.
  • Have one "wet hand" and one "dry hand" -- and use your "wet" hand to transfer chicken from the wet mixture to the coating bowl.
  • Gently shake off the excess flour and place the coated chicken on the parchment- or wax paper-lined baking sheet.
  • Before easing the coated chicken pieces into hot fat, allow them to rest, which will give the coating a chance to adhere. (Do this step in the refrigerator if you won't be frying the chicken within half an hour.)

See our complete how-to instructions on deep frying.


Battering Up Fried Chicken with 3 bowls

Photo by Meredith

Pan-Fried Chicken

The two main keys to making perfect fried chicken are the temperature of the oil and the actual step of frying.

Choose oils with a high smoke point: vegetable shortening, lard, and peanut oil are all good choices.

  • To get truly golden-brown and crispy chicken, use a cast iron skillet. You can't beat cast iron for even heat distribution and reliable frying.
  • The fat should be about one inch deep in the skillet, coming about halfway up the food.
  • Get the fat good and hot before adding the chicken: about 350 degrees F (175 degrees C).
  • Using tongs, carefully lower chicken pieces into the oil skin-side down. Start with the edge of the piece close to you, and lay it in the oil, working away from yourself to avoid spatters.
  • Fry in batches: overcrowding the pan will lower the temperature of the oil, causing more oil to be absorbed and result in soggy, greasy chicken.
  • When the chicken pieces are a deep golden brown, remove them to a cooling rack set over a baking sheet to catch any drips. Insert an instant-read thermometer into the chicken to make sure it is fully cooked before moving on to the next batch. The USDA recommends cooking chicken to a minimum of 165 degrees F.
  • Salt your fried chicken while it's still hot and, if you're frying in batches, keep the finished pieces warm in the oven at 200 degrees F.


Fried Chicken From Oil to Rack with Tongs

Photo by Meredith

VIDEO: How to Make Fried Chicken

Here's how you make classic buttermilk fried chicken. It's a bit of work, but definitely worth the effort. Chef John also shows you how to cut the chicken into parts. Follow along with Chef John's recipe for Buttermilk Fried Chicken.

Oven-Fried Chicken

Love fried chicken but don't want all the fat of deep-fried or pan-fried chicken? Oven-fried could be the way to go. It's crispy, it's crunchy, but uses just a fraction of the fat needed for other preparations.

Baked Fried Chicken with lemons and thyme

Photo by Meredith

See our complete collection of Oven Fried-Chicken Recipes.

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Carl Hanson

About Carl Hanson

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