Versatile and easy to cook with, tofu takes on many roles and adapts well to the flavors of sauces and marinades.
Here are tips for picking out, storing, and cooking different types of tofu, plus top-rated recipes that will have you loving tofu in new ways.
What's Tofu? It's a power-packed protein that's healthful, low calorie, and super-versatile. Tofu is a curd made from soybeans that are cooked and mashed, then processed in a fashion similar to making cheese. Its subtle flavor and satisfying texture make tofu a blank canvas on which sauces and marinades paint their flavors. Always humble, tofu lets these other flavors shine in the spotlight. It's this quality that makes tofu such a wonderfully versatile ingredient.
How to Pick Tofu: Firm? Extra-Firm? or Silken?
Select the right tofu for the right dish. You'll find fresh tofu in the refrigerated section, packaged in water to preserve its moisture content.
Firm tofu is the most common form. Often found packaged in the dairy section, it absorbs marinades well and can be cubed and added to green salads. Seasoned and quickly pan-fried, tofu has a crispy exterior and soft creamy middle. It can also be frozen and then crumbled, giving it the texture of ground beef.
Extra firm tofu makes people say "tastes like chicken." This tofu has the lowest moisture content and is often used as a meat substitute in Asian or vegetarian dishes. Grilled or fried, it works well in pastas, sandwiches, and curries.
Silken or soft tofu is equivalent to a thin custard, or heavy cream. This smooth, delicate tofu has the highest moisture content of the fresh tofu types. It works wonderfully as a base for dips and spreads. Puréed and used as a dairy substitute, it easily mixes into smoothies and soups, bakes up in tasty desserts, and it's a terrific substitute for eggs in scrambles.
How to Remove Liquid from Tofu:
To make firm and extra-firm tofu even more firm, press the excess liquid out: wrap the block of tofu -- or strips of tofu -- in a clean towel (or paper towels) and set a weight on top (like a heavy skillet with a soup can or two). Leave the weight on for about 20 minutes.
How to Fry Tofu
Firm and extra-firm tofu are great choices for frying, which develops a wonderful contrast between crispy crust and delicate, airy interior. To fry, press out excess moisture to avoid splattering, cut the tofu into slices or cubes. Then fry over medium-high heat in vegetable oil in a skillet, wok, or deep fryer until golden brown, about 3 or 5 minutes per side. To test if the oil is ready, dip a chopstick or wooden spoon into it; if bubbles rise up, the oil is ready for tofu.
- Crispy Fried Tofu
- Hot and Spicy Tofu
- Taiwanese Fried Tofu
- Yellow Squash and Tofu Stir Fry
- Fast and Easy Tofu Lo-Mein
Beyond Fried Tofu
If you prefer, you can bake tofu in the oven instead of frying it on the stovetop. Press out as much moisture as you can from the tofu, then cut into slices, and bake on a lightly oiled baking sheet at 350 degrees F. To add flavor, marinate the tofu in advance or try basting the tofu with simple soy sauce-based marinades. Here are several top-rated recipes for baked tofu.
These recipes combine crumbled firm or extra-firm tofu with other ingredients in casseroles and other baked dishes.
- Tofu Quiche with Broccoli
- Tofu and Cheese Stuffed Shells
- Glazed Tofu Meatloaf
- Tofu and Rice Stuffed Peppers
VIDEO: How to Make Tofu Lasagna
Get the recipe for Vegan Lasagna I.
Simmering or Braising Tofu
Add tofu to soups and stews in place of meat.
- Sarah's Tofu Noodle Soup
- Korean Soft Tofu Stew (Soon Du Bu Jigae)
- Butternut Squash and Sweet Potato Soup
- Garlic Ginger Tofu
As with other high-heat cooking methods, the key to grilling tofu is removing as much moisture as possible from firm tofu. You'll get a crisper crust with drier tofu.
For grilling, cut tofu into relatively thick slices -- it will crisp up beautifully on the outside and the inside will stay tender. To avoid sticking -- the bane of grilling tofu -- start with a hot grill and very clean, well-oiled grill grates. Save some marinade or basting sauce for brushing onto your tofu once it's done. Incidentally, this grilling method also works wonders for broiling tofu, which is, essentially, upside-down grilling.
How to Replace Meat with Tofu
By now you know that tofu is a terrific ingredient in its own right. But it's also a double agent, swapping in for meats to provide stealthy, healthier options. Crumbled or cubed extra-firm tofu can replace ground or cubed chicken, beef, or pork mightily. And in this recipe, breaded slices of tofu take the place of chicken in Tofu Piccata and yet again in Tofu Parmigiana. Here are a few recipes where tofu takes the place of meat proteins...and wins.
VIDEO: How to Make Tofu Bacon
Believe it. A very easy marinade turns slices of smoked firm tofu into crispy, flavorful fake bacon. Fry the marinated strips in oil or butter -- and devour on BLTs or crumbled over egg scrambles and salads.
Get the recipe for Faken Veggie Bacon.
Incidentally, tofu is also delicious standing beside meats in dishes like this pork and tofu recipe: Chinese Mabo Tofu. Adding tofu extends meat dishes -- and it's not a bad way to introduce tofu-phobes to the delicious, non-threatening world of tofu recipes.
And let's not forget tofu's sweet side! Tofu pops up in some delicious sweet treats, too!
- Rum and Chocolate Cheesecake
- Kabocha Squash Pie (Japanese Pumpkin Pie)
- Chocolate Tofu Cheesecake
- You Won't Believe It's Not Dairy Chocolate Pudding
- Coconut Chocolate Dream Pie
Tofu Nutrition: Health Claims about Tofu
There are many claims made about the health benefits of eating tofu and other soy-based foods -- from its effect on cholesterol and weight loss to cancers, memory loss, and osteoporosis. The Nutrition Source at Harvard's T.H. Chan School of Public Health took a steely eyed look at the health claims about tofu -- and it's worth a read. In summarizing the research on soy and heart disease, the author writes that even if soy protein doesn't directly lower LDL cholesterol levels, "soy foods are good for the heart and blood vessels because they usually replace less healthful choices, like red meat, and because they deliver plenty of polyunsaturated fat, fiber, vitamins, and minerals, and are low in saturated fat."
How to Store Tofu
For storing leftover fresh tofu, the key is to keep the tofu moist. Store unused tofu in an airtight container, covered in fresh water. Packed like this, tofu stays fresh in the fridge for about a week. For longer storage, stow it in the freezer -- wrap the leftover block of tofu tightly in plastic wrap or a Ziploc bag and freeze for 3 months or more. Allrecipes member Susan recommends freezing tofu before frying it: "I have a good trick for cooking with tofu. I freeze tofu first, then thaw it out and squeeze it gently to get as much fluid out as possible," she says. "Then I dice it up. This process gives tofu a much more cohesive and 'meaty' texture, and also causes it to marinate and brown more effectively."